Sacrifice is not a substitute for financial charity
One of the major tribulations of the modern age is that a certain section of the Western-influenced mental slavery seeks to alter the definite rules and rites of Islam as a major obstacle to the material progress of Muslims. Wherever he sees that it does not work, he denies it outright, thus opening the great door of atheism in the veil of benevolence and reform of the Muslim Ummah and the ignorant people would be misled by doubts and suspicions about Islam. And sometimes they wash their hands of faith.
In such a situation, it is incumbent upon the people to establish a strong bond with the authoritative scholars in religious matters, instead of listening to the absurdities of this modern education or the conquered Western class, which is utterly ignorant of the basics of religion. Get guidance from them about the rules of Islam that this is their position.
There are also some misleading views of this Westernized class regarding sacrifice, on which modern education or conquests, ignorant of the rules of Islam, continue to deceive the people and the masses.
They say that an animal can be sacrificed only on the occasion of Hajj in Makkah, other than that it has no other legal status, without performing the obligatory Hajj every year on the occasion of Eid al-Adha which is performed in different parts of the world. There is no justification for this, but it is an innovation. Similarly, some of them say that if Muslims spend the same amount of money on poor people instead of Eid or spend it on public works, how much benefit will it be? And now that the Corona epidemic is going on, some people are talking about financial charity instead of sacrifice based on the epidemic.
We now cover the dark thoughts and ideas of these enlightened people in the light of the law. First of all, sacrifice is a permanent obligatory act of worship and one of the rites of Islam. The Prophet (peace be upon him) offered sacrifice every year during his ten years in Madinah. The Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: To this day, none of them have considered it special with Hajj and Makkah, nor have they considered charity as its successor.
All the verses and hadiths about sacrifice are about the shedding of animal blood, not about charity. Also, there is no distinction between Hajj and Makkah. Here are some verses and hadiths as an example: In Surah Hajj, verse 34, Allah Almighty says: Imam Ibn Katheer Imam Razi (may Allah be pleased with him) explained in his commentary on this verse: The sacrificial offerings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) have been performed in all religions and sects from the very beginning. We have prescribed a method of slaughter for every nation that they used to slaughter in this way.
In the same way, Allah says in Surah Kawthar, verse no. “Whoever does not offer a sacrifice even though he can afford it, should not even come near our Eid Gah.” Similarly, it is narrated from Ibn Umar that “the Messenger of Allah (sws) stayed in Madinah for ten years and during that time he continued to offer sacrifices.”
From these verses and hadiths, the following matters are proved that sacrifice is obligatory on the person who has the syllabus and this Prophet, who did not offer sacrifice despite his ability, expressed his indignation and did not even like to come near the place of Eid. Secondly, it has been proved that the Prophet (peace be upon him) offered sacrifices in Madinah every year for 10 years, although he performed Hajj only in the last year.
So it became clear that Qurbani is not special with Hajj and not with Makkah, otherwise why would you offer Qurbani for 9 years in Madinah? Next, the purpose of the sacrifice is not merely to help the needy, which is fulfilled by charity, but the purpose of the sacrifice is to shed the blood of the animal. This act of worship will be performed in this special way. Simply giving charity will not perform this act of worship, nor will it bring the desired benefits and fruits.
Otherwise, in the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions, poverty was higher than in the present. If slaughtering animals was not a permanent act of worship, they would have collected donations for the needy instead of slaughtering animals or would have spent the same amount on public welfare works. The advice of charity instead of sacrifice is like the advice of an ignorant person that from today, instead of prayers and fasting, so much charity and charity should be given. Charity and almsgiving will not be a permanent act of worship.
Sacrifice is the purpose of worship and is a reminder of the great deed of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) in which he laid down his liver to be slaughtered in obedience to God’s command. She bowed her head and offered her neck to be slaughtered, but Allah Almighty, by His grace, had made Danba a ransom in her place, so today only slaughtering in this manner can be done.
Charity alone cannot remind us of this process. Hafiz Ibn Katheer and Imam Razi (may Allah have mercy on him) have narrated from Hazrat Ibn Abbas (AS) that the polytheistic Arabs used to slaughter animals in the name of other than Allah, so the Messenger of Allah (SAW) was ordered to slaughter animals in the name of his Lord. But as soon as the animal is slaughtered, this divine command can be fulfilled. Charity cannot be a substitute for it at all.
Mufti Taqi Usmani, Mufti Muneeb-ur-Rehman, Maulana Qazi Hussain Taqwa, Maulana Abdul Malik, Maulana Hanif Jalandhari, Maulana Yaseen Zafar Sahibzada and Abdul Mustafa Hazarawi said in a joint statement. That sacrifice is an act of worship, Allah Almighty has said, “So pray to your Lord and offer sacrifice The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “No deed of man during the days of sacrifice is more beloved than shedding the blood of an animal for the purpose of worship” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi: 1493). This is a purely materialistic thought and is against the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah. Take precaution and give priority to religious seminaries and universities for collective sacrifice and the responsible scholars of religious madrassas should make arrangements for collective sacrifice.
May Allah protect the true religion from the conspiracies of the atheists and grant the Muslims the ability to seek the guidance of the true religion from the authoritative scholars. Amen.